July 27, 2012

Style and Makeup Throughout the Decades

The 1920s
The “Roaring Twenties” was a transformational time in women’s fashion. It left behind the conservative styles of the 1910s, consisting long skirts and large hats. Clothes were now less restricting, including shorter dresses and heavy makeup. As World War I was ending, a new woman emerged. The “flapper” most prominently transformed the style of the 1920s woman as she cut her hair, wore makeup, and participated in party activities such as drinking and dancing. Paired along with this change in fashion, the makeup included ivory foundation- making the skin look almost white, contrasting with the heavily applied bold red lipstick. Thin and penciled eyebrows are also common amongst flapper’s classic façade. Women most generally used dark, heavy, and dramatic eye makeup to create their smoky eye look. Made generally from soot and lead, the makeup was used for eyeliner and applied all around the eye. Next, heavy mascara was applied- the first generation was made of wax! Makeup was one of the most vital parts of women’s style in the 1920s and majorly assisted them in asserting their independence.

The 1940s

            Full skirts and tight waists replaced the popular flapper style among women in the 1940s .  Clothing now communicated a more elegant vibe, as did the makeup and hair, such as curled hair and bright red lipstick. Differing from the 1920s, makeup included more prominent eyebrows, slightly tanned foundation, and minimum eye makeup giving off a glamorous vibe. Light rose face powder was generally applied to the face, as pink and reds were very popular makeup colors. In addition, the color rouge was fashionable, coming in the form of compressed powder to be applied to cheeks and lips for lasting color. The 1940s pulled away from the risqué flapper look and lead into a more classic era for women’s style.

 The 1960s
            Completely recreating and reconstructing women’s style was the groovy 1960s. Style icons such as Twiggy promoted a fashion that broke previous traditions. Makeup included false eyelashes because eyes were highlighted to be the main focus of the face.  Lips were generally kept natural, peach and pale pinks were common. As for eyebrows, thick, neat, or drawn on were all popular methods and styles. Hairstyles varied dramatically, from short bobs to bangs. Clothes were short and typically had psychedelic prints and patterns. The age of nice dressing transitioned to casual wear- a breakthrough in the evolution of fashion. The major switch from fancy dresses to jeans and shirts sparked the 1960s counter culture that represented rebellion and freedom.

The 1980s

             Taking clothing and makeup to a whole new level, fashion plummeted into the world of bright colors and legwarmers: the 1980s. Colorful leggings and sneakers were popular among women- especially if bright! Following Madonna’s lead, short skirts and fishnet gloves were worn. Makeup played a part in this wild era, the main focus being bright colors and eye shadow. Bold, bright, and big- the guidelines that most women of that era followed! Bright cheeks were common, as was dramatic eye shadow- ranging from blues, purples, and greens. The fun era of the 1980s gave women so much personality- especially when expressed through makeup and style!

The 2000s

         Shifting into a more modern and calm area, the 2000s moved away from the wild 1980s. Replaced with various different styles, most fit into the category of casual. Some of the various fashions of today include bohemian, preppy, edgy, bright, dramatic, minimalistic, and urban. All styles of the 2000s are very different- but nothing is too out of the ordinary. Makeup follows that trend, as it is generally more natural. Mascara, eyeliner, and nude lips are most commonly seen among women in the 2000s. Fashion has finally met a medium- women can dress and wear makeup in their own personal style versus the previous era’s trend of embracing the style of their time. No matter the year, fashion and makeup has established women’s independence and has assisted women throughout time embrace their femininity.

July 26, 2012

Nail Knowledge Part II

Splitting nails is often a frustrating problem. Fancy nail polishes and vitamins do not cure split fingernails! Hydration of the nail and proper nail care is vital to the strength of your nails. Water must be within the nail to allow it to be flexible and bend with pressure or force. Glycerin, lactic acid and urea are humectants which bind water to the skin and hold water in the nail plate. 
Here are a few tips to avoid splitting fingernails:
  1. Shorten nail length
  2. Do not tap nails on hard surfaces like your computer keyboard
  3. Keep the skin around the nail in good condition by not picking at the skin or biting the skin around the nail; the outside skin represents the condition of the nail itself. 
  4. Wear gloves when using any soaps, detergents, dish detergent or household cleaners. 
  5. Avoid formaldehyde in nail care products as it can leave the nail dehydrated. 

Nail Knowledge Part I

For those you who hate repainting your nails every week after the polish chips off, nail shellacs are the answer. The chip-resistant and fade-resistant nail polish lasts for fourteen days and keeps your nails looking chic and healthy.
The shellacs are pigmented polymers that are painted on and bonded to the nail by UV radiation. They are polymerized in three layers with each layer hardened by exposure to the UV light to secure the pigmented polymers of the polish onto the nail. However, there are significant concerns about the safety of UV radiation. The blue/ purple color in the UV lamps at the salon has a wavelength in the visible and UV range that is poorly filtered by the eye and can reach the retina. Over time, this wavelength diminishes the lutein antioxidants stores in the eye, leading to macular degeneration, which impairs vision in the elderly.
Also, there is always a risk of skin cancer from any UV source. However, according to new studies, those concerns are unfounded. Researchers have found that there is a very low risk of squamous cell carcinoma with the UV radiation in the nail salon machines. Actually, only one person in tens of thousands will develop skin cancer because of nail salons’ UV radiation sources.
So if your nails are in need of a touch up, don’t hesitate to use shellacs, but here are some tips to keep you safe.
  1. Ingest lutein vitamin supplements or eat more egg yolks, which are full of lutein, to prevent macular degeneration
  2. Apply sunscreen to the back of hands to protect against the UV rays
  3. ….even wear your sunglasses to the salon!

July 16, 2012

How To: Cover a Tattoo

  1. Always start with a clean surface, exfoliate with a loofah or even better a  scrub like LANARI Skincare’s BEST EVER Sugar Scrub!
  2. When you’re trying to build coverage, your hands do not allow easily buildable coverage because they absorb a lot of the product. Use a foundation brush (Makeup Forever 30N HD Brush $39).
  3. Start with a thick foundation (depending on the size of what you are trying to cover up), apply in layers until the tattoo is no longer visible. An alternative to foundation is full coverage concealer, the best concealer is Makeup Forever Full Cover, industrial strength and full coverage; it also comes in a array of shades for a correct color match. If your foundation or concealer still is not covering completely, try DermaBlend Cosmetics. 
  4. Once the tattoo is covered completely, don’t pack powder on. Dust lightly with a translucent setting powder (Laura Mercier Loose Setting Powder) to help it stay on your skin and not end up on your clothes. 

July 12, 2012

Hot & Cold Foods

Dietary influences on the skin have been around for thousands of years. One of the lasting practices was the Chinese’s, which is based on the yin and yang theory. Yin and yang are opposing forces; yin represents the dark, cold, and males and yang represents the light, hot, and females. Every thing or event can be divided into yin or yang. This is most often seen with food. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) divides every food into five categories: hot, warm, neutral, cool, and cold.

According to TCM, every illness is also either yin or yang, and the distinction decides what foods you can eat to get better. If you have a yang disease, which is hot, you should eat cold/cool foods. Conversely, if you have a yin disease, which is cold, you should eat hot/warm foods. By eating certain foods, you restore balance to you qi, or lifeforce. Healthy people have a balanced qi.

Acne and other skin diseases also have been reported to be due to an unbalanced qi. This is often due to excess yang or heat in their body. This condition is known as yin deficiency, meaning that the body is lacking coldness. Yin deficiency manifests itself with lower back pain, agitation, hot flashes, night sweats, and most importantly: acne and skin rashes.  This imbalance can be fixed by altering the diet by eating foods in the cool and cold categories.

Some foods in the cool or cold categories include pears, apples, yogurt, broccoli, avocado, shellfish, and fish. In general, most raw fruits and vegetables are cool or cold, while meats and dairy products are neutral and warm. However, increasing dietary in cold foods is just as important as decreasing in warm or hot foods, like spices, onions, dairy, and meats.

The TCM belief of eating cool and cold foods to treat acne is supported by current dermatological findings linking acne to diet. Foods that are high in antioxidants, like raw fruits and vegetables, which are also low in fat and sugar, can help acne prone skin.  High intake of pastas, candy, chocolate, and dairy can increase acne breakouts. Dr. Talakoub recommends a diet evaluation if your acne is not improving on standard medical treatments. Call our office at 703-356-5111 if you need an acne examination of if you have questions about dietary influences in acne.  

July 6, 2012

Don't Let The Label Fool You! Part II

Broad spectrum means that the sunscreen has been tested to ensure it will provide sun protection against UVA & UVB rays.  What is the difference between UVA and UVB? UVA rays can pass through window glass and penetrate deeper into your skin. UVA rays can cause local suppression of the immune system, which can interfere with your immune system’s ability to protect you against the development and spread of skin cancer. UVA rays also damage the deeper layers of your skin leading to signs of aging the skin as wrinkling and age spots. The UVB rays are burning rays, which are blocked by window glass, and are the primary cause of sunburn. So UVA rays are the aging rays and UVB are the burning rays. Excessive exposure to both forms of UV rays can lead to the development of skin cancer.
Two products with broad spectrum coverage are Anthelios and Elta M.D. McLean Dermatology & Skincare Center offers a full line of skincare products including sunscreens and daily moisturizers with SPF. You should wear SPF daily even on rainy or cloudy days! Even though many products are labeled as broad spectrum, not all products cover the ENTIRE UVA spectrum. 

Dry Shampoo!

What is it?
Dry shampoo is a powder substance used to clean the hair as an alternative when it is not practical to use traditional (liquid) shampoo and water. 
What makes it work? 
Ingredients called ‘absorbing agents’ in dry shampoo absorb oil and residue from the scalp. The most common ‘absorbing agents’ are oryza sativa starch, aluminum starch octenylsuccinate, zea mays starch and silica. In addition, there are conditioning agents like avena sativa kernel oil to keep hair smooth and healthy looking.
Oryza sativa starch
binds to and removes liquids such as oil
Aluminum starch octenylsuccinate
acts as an anti-caking (product build up) agent 
Adds emolliency to hair products
When hair looks “greasy” it is usually the 3 inches closest to your scalp. This can be a blonde’s best friend, they show oil on the scalp quicker than redheads and brunettes.
Over washing hair can ruin hair color and takes valuable time out of your day. Using a dry shampoo in between traditional washes is a great way to maintain healthy, sleek hair and keep color bright! Most dry shampoos are ‘sulfate free’ which means it doesn’t have those harsh chemicals that strip your hair and scalp of natural, essential oils that are produced by the body. Dry shampoo doesn’t have to mean dry hair!
Oscar Blandi Pronto Dry Shampoo, $11 @ sephora.com 
This non-aerosol application technique makes for easy dispensing. Apply to hair roots and rub into scalp, shake out excess shampoo, style as usual. 
Umberto Dry Clean Dry Shampoo, $8.99 @ Target stores
This comes in an aerosol can but is residue-free and great for newcomers to the dry shampoo world. Aerosols are a little harder to control the amount that is dispensed, however this is a great one to start with!

July 5, 2012


Gluten : A Fad or Fix?

Gluten: a Fad or a Fix?
When you enter the supermarket, it seems as though you can’t escape foods with “gluten-free” labels or magazines featuring celebrities, like Oprah, Kim Kardashian, and Miley Cyrus, praising their gluten free diet. So what is the big deal about gluten and the gluten free diet?  
Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley, rye, and triticale, meaning that it is in foods derived from those core grains (pastas, crackers, breads, baked goods, pizza, cereals). It’s even in substances aren’t from the core grains like self-basting poultry, vegetables in sauces, or even your makeup. It’s hard to escape gluten if you aren’t purposefully avoiding it. 
But why avoid it? 
One reason to avoid gluten is if you have celiac diseae, or if you find your skin sensitive to foods with gluten. Celiac disease is a condition where gluten causes the immune system to attack the small intestine’s villi, or outer lining, thus preventing the body from absorbing essential nutrients. Those with celiac disease suffer from abdominal pain, bloating, skin rashes, cramps, and malnutrition. 
However, you may test negative for celiac disease, but still experience acne, eczema, or other skin rashes which improve with a gluten-free diet. This new phenomenon is known as gluten intolerance.  Gluten intolerance is like celiac disease, just with out the damage to small intestine, and is treated the same way: a gluten-free diet. 
A gluten-free diet is heavy on fresh meat, fruits, and vegetables and replaces foods with gluten with “gluten-free” foods, which have less than 20 ppm of gluten. While foods like potatoes, rice, corn, beans, and quinoa are naturally without gluten, breads and starches have to be manipulated to remove the gluten. One of the main ways to transform the staples into gluten-free is by using rice flour, potato starch, or tapioca flour instead of wheat-based flour. 
Acne has been recently shown to be sensitive to the starch load and often the amount of gluten in the diet. Similarly, skin rashes, such as eczema, improve with a low-gluten or gluten-free diet. If you feel your skin is not improving on standard acne or eczema medications, talk with Dr. Talakoub about exploring how your diet may affect your skin.  

July 3, 2012

Don't Let The Label Fool You! Part I

Don’t let sunscreen labels fool you! There are a few key points you should pay attention to:
1. You shouldn’t be seeing the word ‘sunblock’ anymore, only ‘sunscreen’. The word ‘sunblock’ exaggerates the products effectiveness, it’s not blocking the sun after all!
2. Waterproof and sweatproof are no longer allowed to be put on labels, either. Water resistant is okay, only if it states how long it will stand up to swimming or sweating (either 40 or 80 minutes, based on testing).
3. SPF stands for Sun Protection Factor. SPF only refers to UVB protection, not UVA! Sunscreens are rated or classified by the strength of their SPF. The SPF numbers on the packaging can range from as low as 2 to greater than 50. These numbers refer to the sunscreens ability to block the sun’s UVB rays (burning rays). Wearing an SPF of 50 or higher is recommended. Apply sunscreen 15-20 minutes before going outside and reapply every 2 hours and after swimming or perspiring heavily.